Who Rules Chile
Collyns, Dan, Bachelet promises radical constitutional reforms after winning Chilean elections, The Guardian. 2013. Web. www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/16/chile-president-elect-michelle-bachelet-election-reforms. Sacaan, Soraya. The „protest of all protests“ calls for constitutional reform in Chile. Web. 25 March 2014. globalvoicesonline.org/2014/03/25/the-protest-of-all-protests-calls-for-constitutional-reform-in-chile/. Hudson, Rex A. (ed.), Chile: A Country Study (Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1994), available at countrystudies.us/chile. In 2008, he was elected to the municipal council of the Student Federation of the University of Chile (FECh), where he represented the Faculty of Law, and the following year he became president of the Faculty of Law Students` Association (CED).
Pinochet attended the Santiago Military Academy and graduated in 1936. The president is constitutionally bound to a four-year term and cannot be re-elected immediately. Immediate re-election is prohibited. The president officially resides at La Moneda Palace in the capital Santiago. Chile`s market economy, with its relatively well-diversified and well-regulated financial system, is widely regarded as a model for other Latin American countries. According to the World Bank, Chile`s economy has been the fastest growing in Latin America over the past fifteen years. However, the 1990s were a difficult time, as Chile lived in a context of global financial crisis and negative investor sentiment towards emerging markets. In 1999, a severe drought and Chile`s over-reliance on exports of commodities such as copper plunged the country into recession. Since then, Chile has recovered, with average real GDP growth of 5.0 per cent between 2003 and 2007, and its GDP per capita in 2007 was $14,300.
The Economist attributes this growth to the stable macroeconomic policies of the past two decades, and in particular to the countercyclical fiscal policies of the Ricardo Lagos government (2000-06). However, some argue that Chile`s economic policies are too cautious and that the government should do more to promote growth. Chile has a legal system based on civil law. The criminal justice system was overhauled in 2000 when a new American-style system was rolled out across the country – the final stages of the new implementation were completed on June 9, 2001. Juan Luis Sanfuentes arriving at Dia de las Glorias del Ejercito in 1916 War of the Pacific (with Peru and Bolivia) – Chile expands its area and extracts mineral deposits. In accordance with the Constitution, the incumbent President ends his term on 11 March of the year immediately following the election. The President-elect takes office on the same day. The new government will also face heightened tensions between the state and indigenous Mapuche in the south and a migration crisis in the north. Between the referendum and the presidential elections, tripartite negotiations on constitutional reform took place between the military government, moderate right-wing parties that supported the government, and the center-left opposition. There was no public discussion or participation. The agreed reforms, which were approved in a referendum on the 30th. Adopted in July 1989, it reflected opposition compromises rather than a far-reaching constitutional amendment: section 80 was deleted; the number of elected senators has been increased; the constitutional amendment mechanism has been changed; the president`s ability to dissolve the lower house of Congress has been abolished and his power to declare a state of emergency has been curtailed.
a new civilian member has been added to the National Security Council. The army succeeded in including a provision that laws relating to the armed forces would be governed by an organic constitutional law, which increased the difficulty of amending these laws. Political sociologists have argued that the effect of these reforms, which accepted the foundations of the 1980 constitution and were achieved through negotiation, was to make Chile`s transition a transición pactada (transition by agreement) rather than a transición por ruptura (transition that broke with the previous order). Chile`s first president, Michelle Bachelet, served from 2006 to 2010 and again from 2014 to 2018.   Since 2022, Gabriel Boric is the current president. He won the 2021 Chilean general election and took office on March 11, 2022.  Montes, J. Esteban & Tomás Vial, The Role of Constitution-Building Processes in Democratization – Case Study: Chile, Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, available at www.idea.int/conflict/cbp* Augusto Pinochet Ugarte (November 25, 1915 – November 10, 1915 in Valparaiso, †Chile) December 2006 in Santiago), head of the military junta, which on September 11, the socialist government of Pres. Salvador Allende of Chile overthrown, 1973. Pinochet was head of the Chilean military government (1974-90).
During his dictatorial rule, tens of thousands of opponents of his regime were tortured. Constitutional negotiations between opposition parties, parties supporting the military government and the government itself. Anti-corruption laws are generally enforced, although high-profile corruption scandals emerge with some regularity. In October 2021, an anti-corruption investigation against President Sebastián Piñera was triggered by allegations found in leaked documents known as the Pandora Papers, triggering an international investigation that uncovered offshore financial records of powerful figures around the world. The information contained in the documents led to speculation that Piñera had abused his office to profit from the sale of a mining company. The sale was conditional on the government`s decision not to impose environmental restrictions on the mining area. In November, the Chamber of Deputies voted to impeach Piñera; the Senate acquitted him a week later. In 2013, Michelle Bachelet of the Socialist Party was elected for a second term as president – the first from 2006 to 2010, as the constitution prohibits consecutive terms. Their campaign promised to replace the constitution created during the Pinochet dictatorship, arguing that Chile „needs a constitution born in democracy [like the current] illegitimate one.“ It focuses on education, tax reform and tackling inequality in the country. Opposition politicians have expressed concerns that amending the constitution would create uncertainty, which could have a negative impact on foreign investment and the economy as a whole. Also because of the country`s large Catholic population (66.7%), Bachelet is expected to encounter resistance to reproductive rights reforms.